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Multiple Sclerosis – Practical comprehensive Essentials


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurological disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Currently, the causes of MS are still unclear and the cure of MS remains symptomatic, while  the effectiveness of treatment varies widely among individuals. The clinical features and neurological defects derived from this progressive neurological disease are diverse since MS may affect the human central nervous system (CNS) at all levels from the brain to hen end of the spinal cord. Immunopathogenesis of MS involves many steps, including activation of peripheral leucocytes against putative CNS antigens, activated leucocytes with inflamed cerebral endothelial cells, the migration of activated  lymphocytes and macrophages through the endothelium to the CNS environment, and further propagation of a massive immune response within the CNS, Such large-scale immune activation leads to loss of the myelin-oligodendrocyte complex. Various types of immune cells and mediators of the immune-inflammatory response actively contribute to the pathogenesis of MS. Genetic factors are also thought to play a central role in the development of most forms of MS. Axonal degeneration and neuronal loss are the core components of irreversible and permanent CNS atrophy and disability in MS.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current MS situation as researchers try to understand the process and develop treatments that can slow or stop the disease, possible repair the damage, alleviate specified symptoms, and improve the abilities of MS patients to function in everyday life. Various biological holistic approaches have been shown to slow disease progression in some patients, and the recovery rate of cellular mechanism in the brain and spinal cord has been accelerated, increasing the possibility of achieving complete balance of the disease state.

The panels review the background, focusing on novel strategies that are most likely to understand the biological mechanism of recovery and translate findings into alternative comprehensive approach to the MS management. The modality of such complementary therapies adds a new dimension, geared to further improvement in the management and sustain the acquired long-term results of MS. This books will necessary to MS researchers, research funder, healthcare advocate MS research and treatment, and interested patients and their families.

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  • Printed English (Softcover)
  • English eBook
SKU: ISBN978-1-80313-118-4 Categories: ,


Multiple Sclerosis – Practical Comprehensive Essentials

Prof. Dr. Mike K.S. Chan and Dr. Dina Tulina

Table of Content

Foreword vii
Abbreviations ix
Introduction and Disease Pathogenesis xi
Pathology and Diagnosis 1
1.1 Aetiology 1
1.2 Epidemiology and Genetics 5
1.3 Pathophysiology 8
1.4 Classification 11
1.5 The Course of MS 15
1.6 Clinical Features 16
1.7 Cognitive Impairment in MS 18
1.8 Diagnosis and Magnetic Resonance Imaging 20
Management 25
2.1 Treatment and Prevention 25
Immune -Modulating Peptides (Transfer Factor) 27
Active Specific Immunotherapy (ASI) Theraphy 28
Neural Mito Oragnelles (MO) Peptides 30
2.2 Mechanism and Potentials of Stem Cells 31
Advantage and Drawbacks of Various types of Cells 32
Targeted Neural Precursor Stem Cells: Mechanism of Function 33
CNS Remyelination Mechanism 36
Mesenchymal Precursor Stem Cells: Mechanisms of Function 40
Embryonic Stem Cells (ESC) and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) 41
2.3 Diet Facts and Management 42
Fatty Acids as a Risk Factor in MS development 44
Salt in Typical “Western Food” 47
2.4 Physiotherapy in Treatment and Symptom Management 49
Hyperbaric Oxygenation Therapy (HBOT) 50
Morphogenetic Harmoniser System: The Scalar Plasma Wave Modulator 52
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) 53
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) 56
2.5 The Role of Memory Training Centres 59
2.6 The Management of Spasticity 60
Reference 63

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